Heavy Menstrual Bleeding: What Are The Causes and What Should You Do?


Date: 01/12/2023

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Experiencing unusually heavy menstrual flow can be worrisome. You might wonder, “Is there something wrong with my body?”. However, there’s no need to panic! 

This article offers a deep dive into the world of heavy menstrual bleeding. We’ll cover everything from identifying signs to understanding causes and exploring solutions. It’s time to gain a better grasp of your health and make positive lifestyle changes. Let’s dive in!

Is Heavy Menstrual Bleeding a Common Issue?

Yes, it’s more common than you might think. Studies suggest that one in three women are looking for ways to manage this during their menstrual cycles.

If your menstrual flow is heavier than normal, it’s a sign that your health needs extra attention. Notice any changes? It’s wise to consult with a doctor to understand more about your situation and explore suitable solutions.

Spotting the Signs of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Every woman’s menstrual cycle is unique, and so are their experiences. Typically, a woman loses between 50-80 ml of blood per cycle. When this exceeds 80 ml or lasts more than 7 days, it indicates heavy menstrual bleeding. 

Watch out for these clear signs:

  • Needing to change pads every 1-2 hours.
  • Finding large blood clots over 2.5cm. 
  • Menstrual bleeding that soaks through clothes or bedding.
  • Needing to use more than one type of sanitary product.

If your period is accompanied by blood clots and you need to change your pads frequently, it is a sign of heavy menstrual bleeding

Is Heavy Menstrual Bleeding a Cause for Concern?

Whether heavy menstrual bleeding is dangerous depends on the amount of blood lost. If undiagnosed, the immediate impact is anemia due to excessive blood loss. 

If your menstrual bleeding exceeds 80 ml per cycle, accompanied by fatigue, dizziness, or any other unusual health signs, consult a doctor immediately to determine the cause and severity, as well as to receive necessary support.

Understanding the Causes of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Dealing with heavy menstrual bleeding can be distressing and sometimes alarming. That is why getting to the root of the issue is essential. Here are some possible causes:

  • Endometrial cancer. 
  • Endometriosis. 
  • Uterine fibroids and polyps. 
  • Bleeding disorders. 
  • Irregular ovulation patterns. 
  • Use of contraceptives. 
  • Blood-thinning medications like aspirin, which can intensify menstrual flow. 
  • Other factors like pelvic inflammatory disease, miscarriage, or ectopic pregnancy.

Uterine fibroids and polyps are often the main causes of heavier menstrual flow than usual

Handling Intense Menstrual Flow: What’s Next?

If you have heavy periods, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. They can help you find the right treatment for your condition. Some of the options they might suggest are:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin or ibuprofen, or tranexamic acid. 
  • Oral progesterone to stabilize hormone levels. 
  • Hormonal IUDs that release Progestin Levonorgestrel, effectively reducing blood flow.

Regular visits to the gynecologist are important for your reproductive health. You should get a check-up at least every six months and a cervical cancer screening as well. This way, you can catch any problems early and treat them effectively. 

Taking care of your uterus can prevent diseases and serious complications in the future.

Frequently Asked Questions About Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Some common questions fellow women may have about heavy menstrual bleeding:

1. Is it better to have heavy or light menstrual bleeding?

Menstrual cycles vary from person to person, influenced by factors like physical condition and health status. An unbalanced diet, lack of vitamins (such as A, C, E), or excessive alcohol and coffee can also affect monthly blood loss. 

It’s important to recognize sudden changes in the amount or cycle of menstrual bleeding. If you notice significantly less or more bleeding than usual, this could be a sign of health issues that need attention.

2. What foods are good for health during heavy menstrual periods?

Eating iron-rich and vitamin C-rich foods can help you replenish the blood you lose during heavy periods. Some good choices are red meat, seafood, dark green veggies, and beans.

Eating more foods rich in iron and vitamin C can help your body stay healthy during heavy menstrual periods.

Additionally, magnesium-rich foods like nuts and grains can give you energy. And don’t forget to drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and manage your menstrual flow. Water is good for your overall health too.

We hope this information helps you take care of your health when you have heavy periods. Remember, your body knows best what it needs. Listen to the changes in your body and get help from health professionals if you have any concerns.